47 adet öbek fiil ve yerlerine kullanılabilecek tek kelimelik fiiller

Akademik metinlerde çeşitli şekillerde sık sık kullanılan öbek fiiller aşağıda verilmiştir. Bu fiillerin (ve diğerlerinin) akademik metinlerde kullanılması kabul edilebilir niteliktedir. Bu örneklerin yanı sıra, her öbek fiilin yerine başka bir fiilin kolaylıkla kullanılabileceğini gösteren çok sayıda tek kelimelik fiil bulunmaktadır.

Öbek fiillerin yerine kullanılabilecek tek kelimelik fiillere bakıldığında, öbek fiillerin (diğer fiiller gibi) genellikle birden fazla tanımı ve uygun olan birden fazla kullanım yeri bulunmaktadır.

Bunun anlamı şudur ki öbek fiillerin yerine kullanılabilecek bu fiiller verilen örnek cümlelerde işe yarasa da ve örnek cümleler öbek fiillerin yaygın kullanımlarını gösterse de önerilen tek kelimelik fiiller yerine geçtikleri öbek fiillerin mümkün olan tüm kullanımlarını kapsamayacaktır.

Ayrılabilen öbek fiiller

Not: Eğer bir pronoun (zamir) ile birlikte kullanılıyorsa, ayrılabilen öbek fiil ayrı olarak kullanılmak zorundadır (ör: “He added up the number” yerine “He added it up”).

Öbek Fiiller
(Phrasal verbs)
Örnek kullanımlar Tanımlar ve PV Yerine Kullanılan Fiiller
Add upJames added up the number of affirmative responses.calculate
Buy outThe large company bought out the smaller.purchase (someone’s assets)
Buy upThe business’s assets were bought up in the auction.purchase (all of something)
Call offThe order was to call off the strike immediately.cancel
Carry onThe meeting will carry on in your absence.continue
Carry outSam carried out the research because Jimmy couldn’t find the time.execute
Cut outBecause the subsection was not directly relevant to the rest of the paper, Randal had to cut it out.excise
Find outThe purpose of the literature review is find out what has been said on the topic.discover
Get (it) over with (must be split)Isa and the other participants were happy to get the laborious questionnaire over with.complete
Get acrossLars’s paper has too many grammatical mistakes, meaning he couldn’t get his message across.communicate
Give upThe outnumbered forces would not give up.surrender
Hold upWhen deadlines approach, a student cannot let anything hold up the completion of an assignment.delay
Leave outThe witness left out a number of important details.omit
Make upWe asked participants to make up a scenario in which they would be content.fabricate
Make outIn the darkness he could not make out the size of the camp.see
Pass upWe could not pass up this opportunity to collaborate.forgo
Pass onThe common flu can be passed on through saliva.transmit
Pass outOur research assistants passed out four-hundred surveys to a random sample of shoppers.distribute
Pick upThis study picks Dekker’s research up where he left it.resume
Point outHendriks (2010) points out that such a study might be useful.explain
Set upThe equipment’s sensitivity meant we had to set it up with utmost care.arrange
Turn downRegretfully, the board must turn down a number of applicants every year.reject
Use upThe campers were thirsty after they used up the last of the water.exhaust
Ayrılamayan öbek fiiller
Öbek Fiiller
(Phrasal verbs)
Örnek kullanımlar Tanımlar ve PV Yerine Kullanılan Fiiller
Back out ofSeveral subjects backed out of their treatment.abandon
Bear onFoucault’s writings still bear on contemporary thought about prison.influence
Catch up withIt will take some time for our newer coal mines to catch up with our older ones.equal
Call onI call on the work of other contemporary thinkers.utilize
Call forThe act of aggression called for immediate response.necessitate
Count onThe question is, should a citizen be able to count on its government to preserve free access to clean water?rely on
Cut down onPracticed writers cut down on unnecessary adverbs and adjectives.reduce
Come up withHannah had to come up with a way to isolate the variable.invent
Fall apartThe board of directors fell apart.disintegrate
Get awaySeveral of them sought to get away from the cold winter night.escape
Get along withThey commonly exaggerated the degree to which the indigenous tribes would not get along with one another.be friendly with
Give inAfter a long pause for thought, he gave in to the demands.yield
Go onBakker went on to win a prestigious award.continue
Hold on toSven tried everything, but could not hold on to his youth.keep
Hold outBram would hold out until morning when the supplies arrived.wait
Hold out onNapoleon would not tolerate his generals holding out on him.hide (something)
Look intoWe have a hypothesis, but we must look into other possible explanations for the phenomenon.research
Look out forAmong 50 respondents who regularly walk home from work in the middle of the night, 45 indicated looking out for criminals.safeguard against
Make sure ofTo print the name of interviewee, an author must make sure of the interviewee’s consent.ensure
Pick up onThe data show various relationships that we had not picked up on.notice
Put up withThe country will put up with a certain number of economic sanctions.tolerate
See toThe custodian would see to the security of the building.arrange
Take afterThis new state takes after its regional neighbours.resemble
Touch onAt the beginning of his speech, Finn found it necessary to touch on the circumstances of the event.mention

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